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Health Dept. Reports Tainted Steroid Shots Connected to New Infections

Press release from the Tennessee Department of Health; December 6, 2012: 

NASHVILLE – Since Thanksgiving, the Tennessee Department of Health has resumed efforts to contact patients who received tainted steroid injections, believing some were at risk for new or additional infections at or near the injection site. That has, indeed, been the case as a total of 23 people have been identified as having new, localized infections. Altogether 107 persons in Tennessee have confirmed illnesses of some type associated with injections of contaminated methylprednisolone acetate from New England Compounding Center. No infections from other contaminated NECC products have been identified in Tennessee to date.

“We suspected, based on information from the Michigan Department of Public Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, that some people would develop new or additional infections, and that has proven true,” said TDH Commissioner John Dreyzehner, MD, MPH. “As of today, we have identified 23 persons who have developed these less serious infections at or near the site of their MPA injections. The early identification of these infections, made possible by a strong collaborative effort by clinicians, our department and the CDC, has helped several individuals get effective treatment at an earlier stage, thereby fending off a more serious illness.”

Most patients identified by TDH as being at risk for the localized infections were contacted within a few days by telephone calls. Others were sent letters and, where necessary, TDH staff will make house visits in Tennessee advising patients of the need for heightened awareness of new or worsening pain at or near the site of injection, numbness in the buttocks, loss of bowel or bladder control or new or worsening headaches.

Persons who believe they may be at risk should contact the clinician who administered the steroid injection.

Tennessee Health Commissioner John Dreyzehner, MD, MPH, has provided an update on the investigation of infections associated with tainted steroid injections. His statements from today’s media briefing are included below.

Statement by Commissioner Dreyzehner December 6, 2012:

Good morning and thank you for your continuing coverage of health problems associated with injections of contaminated methylprednisolone acetate in Tennessee and other states.

Before we discuss ongoing activities related to these fungal infections, we wish to extend our sympathies to those whose lives have been impacted by this outbreak. Although we near the three-month anniversary of when we first identified this outbreak, our concern for those affected has not diminished and we keep them in our thoughts and prayers.

We are today providing information on two subjects:

  • updated patient case numbers in Tennessee; and
  • information regarding other products from New England Compounding Center.

We’ll start with the patient case numbers update.

Today we report a total of 107 individuals have met the CDC case definition in Tennessee and 13 have died. Since Thanksgiving, we have identified 23 new cases. Note that the total number of cases reflects an important advance in understanding that the spectrum of infections associated with this outbreak includes more localized infections than previously appreciated. These new patient cases are reflective of our reactivation of close local public health follow-up and illness identification, in conjunction with our clinical partners.

Working with other healthcare partners, specifically the Michigan Department of Health and the CDC, we learned other states were also seeing an increase in localized infections at the original injection site. These infections include localized epidural abscess and arachnoiditis, an inflammation of part of the covering of the nerve roots which, though painful, is not life-threatening. Some patients were being identified much later than expected, suggesting that there may still be patients with treatable infections.

Consequently, we decided it would be appropriate to:

  • notify at-risk patients, making them aware of the ongoing potential for a localized infection;
  • tell them about the signs and symptoms they may experience with such infections; and
  • suggest evaluation and assessment by their clinicians if such symptoms occur.

These contacts were made rapidly, resulting in several individuals having additional tests and learning they have localized infections. For some, this is the only infection they’ve had; for others, the localized infection was in addition to the other, more serious infection they experienced.

Some of you may want to know how long we can expect to identify new cases of localized infections. We do not know the answer to this question with certainty. Nationally, the longest reported infection occurred 120 days after last injection.

Moving on to our second subject, as some of you may know the CDC and FDA have identified microbial contamination in unopened vials of betamethasone, cardioplegia and triamcinolone solutions distributed by NECC.

To date, CDC has no reports of laboratory confirmed bacterial or fungal meningitis, or spinal or paraspinal infections, caused by these products. We continue to remind clinicians to report all infections potentially related to NECC products to the FDA and to TDH. The latest such reminder was sent as a Tennessee Health Alert message Monday evening of this week.

We want to commend clinicians across Tennessee who have worked cooperatively with us to remove NECC products from their inventory of usable medications, and to report possible issues affecting their patients’ health. The State Health Operations Center and our Regional Health Operations Centers have experienced superb partnerships with many clinicians across our state in reaching out to and serving those affected by this tragedy. I would also like to commend our dedicated local public health staff.

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TN Hospitals Doing Well Fighting Surgical Site, Bloodstream Infections

Press release from the Tennessee Department of Health; June 26, 2012: 

NASHVILLE, Tenn. – The Tennessee Department of Health’s semi-annual report on healthcare associated infections released this week has good news for Tennessee hospitals and their patients. Surgical site and bloodstream infection rates are below the national baseline, providing evidence of progress made by hospitals to keep patients healthy.

“Healthcare associated infections have been among the top ten leading causes of death in the U.S. in the last decade and are a major public health concern” said TDH Commissioner John J. Dreyzehner, MD, MPH. “As a physician, I appreciate the level of commitment from hospitals to continually improve processes and procedures to ensure patients don’t acquire or spread infections in a healthcare setting. I’m proud of what is happening in Tennessee and eager to see additional progress through our work with the Tennessee Hospital Association, the Tennessee Center for Patient Safety and other groups and organizations.”

The Tennessee Report on Healthcare-Associated Infections: January 1, 2008 — June 30, 2011, is the fifth review published by TDH since 2010. It presents standardized infection ratios for central line-associated bloodstream infections in intensive care units, long term acute care hospitals and specialty care areas, and for surgical site infections following coronary artery bypass graft and hip prosthesis procedures.

Data are collected using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Healthcare Surveillance Network case definitions. This is the first time hip prosthesis data has been reported publicly by TDH. Additionally, this is the first time TDH has used the SIR, which uses more sophisticated risk-adjustment methods than rates to monitor surgical site infections.

According to Marion Kainer, MD, MPH, director of the TDH Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance Program, the recent report points out some impressive aggregate data about what is happening in Tennessee hospitals.

“The report shows infection ratios as much as 48 percent lower than the national baseline in some areas,” Kainer said. “We know the report is an important tool for us to identify what is working well and where we need to improve, and it gives us a perspective of how Tennessee hospitals compare with others across the nation.”

The full Tennessee Report on Healthcare-Associated Infections: January 1, 2008 — June 30, 2011 is available online at http://health.state.tn.us/Ceds/HAI/index.htm.

The mission of the Tennessee Department of Health is to protect, promote and improve the health and prosperity of people in Tennessee. For more information about TDH services and programs, visit http://health.state.tn.us/.