Press Releases

TDOC Releases Repeat-Offender Study

State of Tennessee Press Release, June 15, 2010

NASHVILLE – The Tennessee Department of Correction has discovered some encouraging news in its latest study on recidivism. The just released report shows that felons released from TDOC prisons are now less likely to return to custody.

The return rate for ex-felons dropped 3% in the latest survey. For 2005, the recidivism rate stood at 38.8% for offenders who had been out of prison for three years. That’s compared to a 42% rate in 2001. While there is no recognized national average for recidivism, return rates range as high as 65% for individual states.

For Tennessee taxpayers, a 3% drop in return means an annual savings of $3,933,502.80 based on the $64.92 daily rate to house an inmate.

Even better news is that the TDOC is maintaining extremely low return rates for felons convicted of violent crimes such as murder, rape and assault. Three years after their release, these offenders were only 25% likely to return to prison compared to the nearly 44% return rate for those convicted of property offenses.

“While any return of such serious offenders is undesirable, the consistent ability of the TDOC to achieve these low return rates is noteworthy,” said Commissioner Gayle Ray. “The lower recidivism rates show that rehabilitation efforts which include evidence-based programming are working and must continue.”

Liberty and Justice

Stiffer Penalties for Armed Robbery Proposed

A bill that would strengthen penalties against armed robbers advanced after passage by a state House subcommittee this week.

HB 2813 would increase the minimum jail time of people convicted of armed or aggravated robbery from 30 percent of their sentence to 74 percent of their sentence. Sponsor Gary Odom, D-Nashville, said the bill would inflate an armed robber’s jail time from 2.4 years to 5.92 years.

To pay for the increased cost of incarcerating armed robbers, Odom, who is the House minority leader, proposes releasing from jail a range of “non-violent property offenders,” such as those convicted of forgery, criminal simulation, some vandalism charges and certain thefts.

He added that those released would not go unsupervised. “It would not get anybody a ‘get out of jail free’ card,” Odom told the Criminal Practice and Procedure Subcommittee.

Odom further stated that those released “would be moved into community corrections, which would free up some 440 cells that would be available for this most serious offense.”

“When you stick a gun in somebody’s face, you’re in graduate school, as far as crime goes,” he said.

Odom described an instance in which one of his constituents was held up at gunpoint in the middle of the day while the victim’s daughter was less than 50 feet away.

“(The offender) had just gotten out of prison after serving…only the minimum of two years, and then he went on a rampage where, over a three-day period, he committed a number of other armed robberies,” Odom said. “That man should have been in jail, should have been serving a longer period of time than the current law, the current 30 percent, that the law provides for.”

For those who would be released,“offenders are closely monitored, thus freeing up jail cells,” Odom said.

The bill “recognizes that we have a limited number of jail cells, and what this legislation will do is make sure the most violent individuals are occupying that,” he continued.

The companion bill in the state Senate, SB 3431, sponsored by Sen. Doug Henry, D-Nashville, has yet to be acted on in the Senate’s Judiciary Committee.